4 reasons to open a health savings account
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If you have a high-deductible health insurance plan, a health savings account can help pay your medical bills. But HSAs have hidden superpowers that make them a great way for some people to build a tax-free pot of money for retirement or other long-term goals. Under the right circumstances, you can even use an HSA to help your young adult children start saving for their future.
However, not everyone is a good candidate for a high deductible health insurance policy. The minimum deductible that allows you to use an HSA is $ 1,400 for individual coverage or $ 2,800 for family coverage. Many plans require you to contribute even more before coverage takes effect. If meeting the high deductible would be a difficulty or require you to skimp on health care, you are probably better off choosing a lower deductible policy and skipping an HSA.
If a high-deductible policy is right for you, you’ll need even more money to take full advantage of an HSA – enough to pay the deductible and other health care expenses out of pocket, without touching the account. That’s a pretty big order, but you can still benefit from an HSA even if you have to spend some of the money along the way.
Here are the top four benefits of an HSA.
Superpower 1: You Can Get Triple Tax Advantage
Health savings accounts offer a rare triple tax break: your contributions are deductible, the money grows tax-deferred, and withdrawals are not taxed if you have qualifying medical expenses.
In contrast, withdrawals from other tax-advantaged accounts, such as 401 (k) s, are generally taxed as income. If the withdrawals are tax exempt – as they can be from Roth IRAs – you did not receive tax relief when you invested the money.
Read more: Get triple the tax benefits with an HSA and find an affordable health plan while you’re at it
Superpower 2: you don’t have to spend money
Any unspent balance in your HSA can be carried over from year to year. This contrasts with flexible spending accounts, another tax-efficient way to pay for medical expenses. FSAs require users to spend the money within a certain time frame or those contributions are lost.
FSAs allow you to contribute $ 2,750 in 2021. Individuals can contribute up to $ 3,600 to an HSA this year, while families can contribute up to $ 7,200, plus a catch-up contribution of $ 1,000. for people aged 55 and over.
HSA contributions can be invested, which means your money can really grow. Even if you have to spend some of the money along the way, the tax-free growth can add up.
Superpower 3: Any withdrawal could potentially be tax exempt
As mentioned, withdrawals are tax exempt if used for qualifying medical expenses, including health insurance deductibles and co-payments. The IRS maintains a list of eligible expenses ranging from acupuncture to x-rays. You cannot double-dip: Only eligible expenses that have not been reimbursed by another source, such as insurance or an account. flexible spending, can justify a tax-free withdrawal.
The bottom line, however, is that the IRS doesn’t require you to incur the expenses in the same year that you make the withdrawal.
As long as the expense occurred after you opened and funded the HSA, your withdrawal may be tax exempt even if it’s years or decades later, says financial planner Kelley Long, CPA, finance specialist personal and consumer financial education advocate for the American Institute. of CPAs. You just need to keep receipts for qualifying expenses in case you are audited by the IRS.
“I call it the shoebox strategy,” says Long. “You store your receipts because there is no statute of limitations when you reimburse yourself for eligible expenses. “
Learn more: Get a health savings account now, you’ll thank yourself in retirement
You’ll want to protect yourself from ink fading so you can read receipts years later. Long therefore recommends making digital copies. She takes a photo of her eligible receipts and stores them in folders labeled by year.
Superpower 4: you can jumpstart your children’s retirement
As a general rule, you cannot declare your dependent children for tax purposes after the age of 19 or 24 if they are students. But many children remain on their parents’ health insurance policies until the age of 26, which gives parents a unique planning opportunity, says Mark Luscombe, senior analyst at Wolters Kluwer Tax & Accounting.
A child who is not a dependent for tax purposes, but still has a parent’s high deductible health insurance, can set up their own individual HSA. Parents can help by giving the child some or all of the money to fund the account.
Related: 3 ways parents can save for their child’s future
The child cannot create their own HSA if they are still declared as a dependent on the parents’ income tax return. And once the child is no longer dependent, the child’s expenses cannot be used for tax-free withdrawals from the parent’s HSA. But this approach gives the kid a tax deduction for the contribution and potentially decades of tax-advantaged growth, making it a great strategy for those who can swing it.
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Liz Weston writes for NerdWallet. Email: [email protected] Twitter: @lizweston.